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Reading in L2

Depend on the Text! How to Create Text Dependent Questions

In this video from ReadWriteThink, a first-grade teacher demonstrates the process she uses to create text dependent questions around a reading text. The strategies that are described are easily adapted to adult EL classrooms.

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TAGS: video, teaching strategies, reading, CCRS, standards

EBRI/STAR Resouces: ATLAS Online Library

This ATLAS resource library contains resources and information about Evidence-Based Reading Instruction (EBRI), which is a set of practices proven to increase the reading achievement of a particular student population (including children, adolescents, and adults). EBRI is the foundation of STAR, which specifically provides research- and expert-proven practices for teaching alphabetics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension to adult students reading at grade level equivalents (GLE) 4.0-8.9.

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TAGS: literacy, teaching practices, fluency, alphabetics, vocabulary, comprehension, classroom activities

Getting to the Rough Ground of Language and Literacy Learning Through the Language Experience Approach

This blog post from The Literacy Bug describes how teachers can use the language experience approach (LEA) to support early language learners by providing them with ample opportunities to hear, see, use and manipulate language in contextualized, purposeful ways. It details how the teacher use the LEA to draw learners' attention to phonetic and semantic patterns in the co-constructed text. The blog post contains several short videos demonstrating the use of this approach, as well as discussion questions for teachers.

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TAGS: video, teaching strategies, article, low literacy, beginning esl, writing, reading, Language Experience Approach

How Should Adult ESL Reading Instruction Differ From ABE Reading Instruction?

A brief from the Center for Adult English Language Acquisition (CAELA) summarizing the research base on adult English language learners (ELLs) learning to read. It describes how ELLs differ from native English speakers and how these differences should affect reading instruction.


TAGS: teaching practices, literacy, fluency, alphabetics, vocabulary, comprehension


Newsela is a data base of current events stories tailor-made for classroom use. Indexed by broad theme (e.g. War and Peace, Arts, Science, Health, Law, Money), stories are both student-friendly and can be accessed in different formats by reading level. Use Newsela to differentiate nonfiction reading.

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TAGS: classroom activities, multilevel instruction, reading texts

Reading Skills for Today's Adults

This project was designed to create an online repository of leveled reading selections that are appropriate for and valued by adult learners. These materials, combined with the research-proven strategies of repeated reading and guided oral reading, aid in building learners' fluency and comprehension skills. The materials correspond to Casas 200 - 235. The focus of these reading selections will be on topics such us: Civics, Employment, Housing, Health, School, Money, and Government.

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TAGS: classroom activities, reading texts, vocabulary, fluency, comprehnsion, CASAS

The nonprofit ReadWorks provides a large, high-quality library of curated nonfiction and literary articles, along with reading comprehension and vocabulary lessons, formative assessments, and teacher guidance. Everything ReadWorks does is based on proven cognitive science research, and teachers can access curriculum, lesson plans, and training for free on their site. This site is aligned to K-12 grades and standards, making it easily adaptable to CCR standards for adult educators.

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TAGS: reading texts, lesson plans, CCRS, curriculum design, teacher development, formative assessments, vocabulary, reading comprehension, text-dependent questions

The Language Experience Approach (LEA)

This article discusses the implementation of the language experience approach (LEA) with ESL learners at beginning and more advanced levels. It also offers solutions to common problems that can arise with using the LEA with ESL learners.


TAGS: article, teaching strategies, classroom activities, beginning ESL, writing, reading, Language Experience Approach

The Language Experience Approach and Adult Learners

The language experience approach (LEA) is a whole language approach that promotes reading and writing through the use of personal experiences and oral language.This Center for Adult English Language Acquisition (CAELA) article explains how the LEA approach can be used in tutorial or classroom settings with homogeneous or heterogeneous groups of learners to help develop and strengthen English literacy skills.

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TAGS: classroom activities, teaching strategies, article, low literacy, beginning esl, writing, reading, Language Experience Approach