Teaching Analogy Phonics (TAP, 2015)
There are three evidence-based or proven approaches for teaching English letter-sound patterns or phonics to children and adults: synthetic (combining different patterns), analytic (separating into patterns), and analogy (comparing similar patterns). Synthetic is most common and used in many published instructional materials. Analytic is less common but can be a valuable practice activity. Analogy dates back to colonial times and teaches reliable and decodable “chunks,” which can be generalized to many other words.
Teaching Analogy Phonics, a free alphabetics resource from ATLAS, provides reading teachers and tutors with convincing background information and testimonials, a lesson plan model and template, other reinforcement ideas, and many (over 100!) common or sequential phonogram and word family lists for immediate analogy phonics instruction. It has great potential for ABE and ESL readers – if basic oral language and Roman alphabet skills are present.
The following short PowerPoint slide show provides teacher background and guidance for using Teaching Analogy Phonics. It provides explanation of key terms, a brief review of history and research, and an explicit daily or weekly lesson plan for teaching analogy phonics with onsets and rimes (or phonograms).