Research Digest No. 7 defines vocabulary, provides suggestions for assessment and instruction, and lists additional resources and references. You will find the PDF under the “Vocabulary” heading.
This game-like website asks questions and offers multiple-choice answers for eight subjects and twenty topics. The eight topics are: Humanities, Math, Language Learning, Sciences, English, Chemistry, Geography, and SAT preparation. Users can select any subject and easily switch to a different subject. If their answer is correct, a harder question is presented. If their answer is wrong, correction is provided and an easier question is presented. For each correct answer, 10 grains of rice are donated to the United Nations World Food Program!
These “stellar” (meaning outstanding) ideas for vocabulary instruction were collected from participating MN STAR administrators and teachers during 2009-2012. Note: Some of the contributors’ original wording was reduced or revised for clarity and consistency.
NEW [updated July 2017] Common vocabulary instructional challenges and solutions developed by Minnesota STARs and Trainers.
This handout describes what STAR/EBRI volunteers “need to know” about evidence-based and explicit vocabulary instruction. It also clarifies how they can build or expand students’ Tier Two or academic vocabulary knowledge and usage.
This online vocabulary curriculum includes 38 lessons. Each lesson is focused on 5 Tier 2 (or academic) words and provides a Knowledge Rating Scale, definitions, synonyms/antonyms, examples, and guided practice activities. It is useful for Intermediate level students. You will find the Word documents under the “Vocabulary” heading.
The vocabulary curriculum accessible from this page was originally created by two STAR trainers from the Adult Learning Resource Center, Arlington Heights, IL, in 2009-2010. With their permission, the units and lessons were adapted by Melissa Lupinek and Vicki Ostrom, Central MN ABE (Cambridge), in 2012. The original units covered 10 Tier 2 words. The adapted lessons cover only 5 Tier 2 words, a more reasonable number for students to learn deeply.
The concept of word tiers was developed over 26 years ago and based on frequency within English spoken and written language (Beck, I. L., McKeown, M. G. & Omanson, R., 1987).
Tier 2 words are essential for ABE students to know in order to read and understand the academic language used in print or online text. If they are not readers, they do not encounter and do not learn enough Tier 2 words. The experts referenced above recommend explicitly teaching Tier 2 words when students “can manage everyday conversation.”
Suggestions for Use:
For each Lesson, there are Teacher Notes for modeling, Student Activities for guided practice and application to context, and Teacher Answer Keys for checking. Each Unit also has a Review activity.
This vocabulary game is a companion resource for Units 1-4 of the above curriculum. The game board and eight sets of question cards were created by Kristin Knudson, an ABE teacher from Hennepin County Adult Corrections. As students learn new words from each unit -- or as a review of all -- they can play the game to improve their knowledge and usage.
Fry's first 300 words presented in order of frequency and in simple phrases and sentences.
Academic word lists 1-10, presented in order from most frequent to least frequent usage across content areas.
This evidence-based curriculum provides 60 workouts for the most common Tier 2 words from the Academic Word List. It begins with the author's Introduction and Rationale, How to Use the Vocabulary Workouts, and References. Each one-page, vocabulary workout presents a headword (i.e. analyze), 1-2 related words (analysis), parts of speech, definitions, contexts, conversation practice, and writing prompts. They may be especially useful in small programs or open enrollment settings because they provide stand-alone (or one-day-at-a-time) lessons. They were developed and are generously shared by Susan Finn Miller, Instructional Services, Lancaster, PA.
As we well know in MN ABE, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for K-12 and our own College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS) recommend regular instruction and practice with academic (or Tier 2) vocabulary words. This requires teachers to be 'on the alert' for their presence in a variety of written and leveled texts. The Academic Word Finder is a free electronic tool from Achieve the Core that quickly identifies academic words in copied and pasted texts. It is not intended to "replace teacher judgment; rather, it helps to support the teacher and identify the most useful academic words." After you set up a login with an email address and password, you are ready to follow these simple steps for finding academic words from selected texts!