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Refugees in America

This is the official United Nations High Commission for Refugees website, which can serve as a primer for ABE educators who work with refugees to understand who refugees are, where they come from, and relevant statistics and facts about refugees.

Best Practices for Serving LGBTQ Students

This is a guide for educators on how to work towards creating a more LGBTQ-inclusive school environment. This guide includes four key areas: policy checkup, classroom culture, instruction, and family and community engagement.

Reppin’ the Rainbow: LGBTQIA+ Topics in ABE

ABE professionals can use this presentation to better understand and discuss topics around gender and sexuality in the classroom. Included are materials, discussion questions, resources and research. Scroll down to the second topic listed on the website to find these resources.

CCRS for Adult Education

The College & Career Readiness Standards for Adult Education (CCRS) is the document that lays out the standards for English Language Arts/Literacy, Math, and Foundational Reading Skills. CCRS is one of the three components - along with the Transitions Integration Framework (TIF) and the Northstar Digital Literacy Standards - of the Minnesota ABE content standards.

Levels of Learning Mathematics

Developed by Appalachian State University, this resource outlines the levels of learning math proposed by Mahesh C. Sharma: intuitive, concrete/experiential, pictorial/representational, abstract, applications, and communication. The chart explains each level and gives an example of what that level would look like in the classroom.

Creating Questions to Engage Critically with Texts

The strategy described in this article provides tools to create questions that help students engage critically with central texts and examine them for issues of power and social inequity. The activities suggested here also encourage readers to bring their knowledge and experiences to the reading of a text.

Academic Language and ELLs: What Teachers Need to Know

This article helps educators understand the role that academic language plays in their classrooms and in ELL student success. The article also includes information on social vs. academic language, as well as numerous examples of the different kinds of academic language needed for all students to fully participate in classroom activities and assignments.

A Strategy of Giving Corrective Feedback to ELLs

This article explains how using sentence frames and explicit feedback can provide the right balance of structure and scaffolding for English language learners.

8 Strategies for Building Relationships with ELLs in Any Learning Environment

Learn how educators can build authentic relationships with ELLs in virtual and hybrid settings, as well as how they can connect students' experiences to meaningful instruction. This article was written for a K-12 audience, but ABE teachers will find the recommendations to be helpful and easily implemented with adult learners.

Teaching To Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom

This book offers educators tools to increase democratic participation in the classroom and to think about education as a practice of freedom. From the back cover: "Teaching students to "transgress" against racial, sexual, and class boundaries in order to achieve the gift of freedom is, for the author, the teacher's most important goal."

Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Brazilian educational activist Paulo Freire originally published the seminal book The Pedagogy of the Oppressed in 1968. This book is essential reading for any educator interested in adult literacy and equity. Freire explains how traditional schooling perpetuates colonization and domination over oppressed classes of people and the way to liberation is through literacy and evoking critical consciousness in education.

Secondary Traumatic Stress and Self-Care Packet

Educators, counselors, and other support staff who work with students exposed to trauma are at risk of being indirectly traumatized as a result of hearing about their students’ experiences and witnessing the negative effects. In the first section of this packet, learn about secondary traumatic stress and related conditions; in the second section, use the tools and strategies provided to help you create individual and schoolwide plans to promote staff self-care and resilience.

Reducing Stress and Promoting Mental Health in the ABE/ESOL Classroom

The ideas in this resource were developed through the Managing Stress to Improve Learning project at World Education in Boston, MA. The project was informed throughout by trauma-informed practice and recent research on how the brain is affected by chronic, toxic stress. The authors have tried here to include very practical, hands-on approaches to help teachers practice— proactively and responsively—creating safe and stable learning environments where students can manage their stressors and persist in their learning goals.

Trauma and Learning: Impacts and Strategies for Adult Classroom Success

Exposure to potentially traumatic events, which can have a significant impact on brain mechanisms for language learning, is high in adult ELL classrooms. This article outlines strategies that target attention and memory networks which may make it easier for adults to learn.

Race, Identity, and English Language Teaching

A Joint TESOL Quarterly and TESOL Journal Publication This is an online database of articles on race and teaching curated by editors from TESOL Journal and TESOL Quarterly, to support TESOL’s statement against racial injustice and inequality.

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack

Author Peggy McIntosh explains, "I was taught to see racism only in individual acts of meanness, not in invisible systems conferring dominance on my group." Proceeding from her studies on male privilege, her list outlining the "daily effects of white privilege" is a starting point to help people understand how this dynamic shows up in our lives regardless of intent and without our conscious participation - so that we can begin creating a more equitable society.

Worth the Risk: Towards Decentering Whiteness in English Language Teaching

In this article the author reveals how English Language Teaching (ELT) centers whiteness and its negative impact on teachers and students of color. The author also provides suggestions for how ELT educators can de-center whiteness in the ELT field.

On the “Flip” Side: A Teacher Educator of Color Unveiling the Dangerous Minds of White Teacher Candidates

Dr. Cheryl Matias teaches urban education courses at the University of Kentucky to prospective teachers, many of whom are White women. She identifies how the "white savior" narrative serves as a motivator for many of her students, and she examines its implications in the classroom. Dr. Matias also discusses the impact that her students’ whiteness ideology has on her as an educator of color, and how she counteracts the psychological harm done to her through the “pedagogy of trauma.”

Understanding Implicit Bias

The Kirwan Research Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity works to raise awareness to the complexity and impact of implicit bias and the ways it acts as a barrier to access. This website provides a concrete definition of implicit bias and the ways it operates to broaden social inequality. You can sign up to receive their newsletter to get updates on their interdisciplinary research.

Characteristics of White Supremacy Culture

This site lists characteristics of white supremacy culture that regularly appear in organizations - such as either/or thinking and fear of open conflict - as well as "antidotes" to combat them. These characteristics are shown as damaging to both people of color and white people because they are "used as norms and standards without being pro-actively named or chosen by the group" and they promote white supremacy thinking.

New Resources

What Does It Mean to Be a Refugee?

This video describes the prevalence of global conflict that results in the internal displacement of millions of people due to war, violence and persecution, as well as the difference between an Internally Displaced Person (IDP) and a refugee. This resource is a visually engaging resource to inform ABE practitioners more about refugee populations.

Asian Americans

This is an in-depth documentary on the history and social history of Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) in the U.S. This documentary also provides information on the federal policies that allowed for further immigration of individuals from Asian countries to the U.S., many of whom are served by ABE.

The U.S.-Mexico Migrant Crisis

This news special gives insight to the scope and complexity of migration at the Mexico/U.S. border. This resource can be used by ABE practitioners to better understand the political, social and economic background of a population of learners who we serve in ABE.

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MN ABE YouTube Channel

The MN ABE YouTube Channel is a free online PD resource that you can use to explore teaching techniques and classroom ideas in action! Find out more in this MN ABE Connect newsletter article.

Upcoming ABE Events

June 23, 2021 2:00 pm–3:30 pm
Literacy Minnesota
Online

The MN Teacher Verification Model (TVM): An Overview and Discussion for Program Managers

Online

Registration Deadline: WED. 6/23/21 Join the Minnesota TVM Team for an overview of the key components and requirements of the Minnesota Teacher Verification Model.  You’ll have the opportunity to ask questions and participate in a facilitated discussion with other managers regarding TVM implementation considerations.  In order… Learn More

Online
June 24, 2021 10:00 am–11:30 am
Literacy Minnesota
Online

Talk Amongst Yourselves: Building Up to Student-Facilitated Conversations

Online

Registration Deadline: THU. 6/24/21 Learn about three essential skills students need in order to join a conversation and keep it going. This webinar will demonstrate how to introduce those strategies and get students talking in small groups online. Come ready to participate in your own small groups and… Learn More

Online
June 24, 2021 2:00 pm–3:15 pm
Literacy Minnesota
Online

TechChat: Using Wakelet in the Virtual Classroom

Online

Registration Deadline: THU. 6/24/21 Wakelet is a free web-based platform where students and teachers can save, organize and share visually-engaging collections. Wakelet integrates with a growing number of platforms such as: Flipgrid, Google Drive, YouTube, OneDrive and Twitter. Class wakelets are a simple way to share… Learn More

Online